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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 134-141

The uses of melatonin in anesthesia and surgery


1 Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Anesthesia, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hany A Mowafi
P.O. Box 40081, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.142495

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Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland. It is available as a dietary supplement, taken primarily for the relief of insomnia. Increasing evidence from human and animal studies suggests that melatonin may be efficacious as a preoperative anxiolytic, a postoperative analgesic, and a preventative for postoperative delirium. It has also been reported to decrease intraocular pressure. Melatonin's high efficacy, wide safety profile in terms of dose, and virtual lack of toxicity make it of interest in anesthetic and surgical practice. This review examines clinical trial data describing the efficacy and safety of melatonin in the perioperative anesthetic and surgical settings. We shall, also, focus attention on animal and human experimental studies that concern these issues.


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