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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151-157

How teachers' knowledge of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder makes difference in doctors' diagnostic decisions and management?

1 Department of Psychiatry, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Psychiatry, Al Babtain Cardiac Centre, Dammam Central Hospital, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed S Khalil
Department of Psychiatry, University of Dammam, P.O. Box 40173, Al-Khobar 31952
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.156430

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Objective: The teacher's knowledge plays a key role in the process of assessing, screening, and diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This was a cross-sectional study aimed at surveying teachers' knowledge about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, one of the most prevailing neurodevelopmental disorders. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirteen female elementary school teachers were randomly chosen from six regular female public and private schools in Al-Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. They completed a self-reported questionnaire on their general "factual" knowledge of the nature of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and the management "action knowledge" of the condition. Factors which might affect their knowledge were also examined. Results: About 48.7% of the total sample had adequate factual knowledge, but only 27 (23.9%) showed adequate action knowledge about how to deal with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Teachers' knowledge of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (factual and action) was not significantly correlated with their years of experience, level of education (qualification) and duration of training in educational methodology. Conclusion: It was concluded that teachers in female primary schools had inadequate knowledge about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Implications and recommendation for health and educational professional are outlined.

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