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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 213-216

A case report of twin pregnancy with hydatidiform mole and co-existing live fetus

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alokananda Ray
8 Office Road Northern Town, Bistupur, Jamshedpur - 831 001, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_332_19

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Complete hydatidiform mole with co-existing live fetus (CHMF) is a rare and high-risk pregnancy usually seen with ovulation induction protocols. These pregnancies are complicated with vaginal bleeding, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, preterm delivery, fetal demise and the risk of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). Here, we describe a case of CHMF and a second case of monozygotic twins: partial mole with live fetuses. The pregnancies were conceived after clomiphene citrate ovulation induction. Both cases presented with vaginal bleeding and hyperemesis in the early mid-trimester. The diagnosis was based on history, examination, ultrasound findings and high serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (βHCG) levels. A CHMF can be differentiated from a singleton partial molar pregnancy with similar ultrasound appearance by amniocentesis and karyotyping of the live fetus, which is a normal diploid. After adequate counseling, both women refused prenatal karyotyping and underwent the termination of pregnancy. The method of termination needs to be carefully decided. Surgical evacuation maybe difficult due to the well-formed fetus in the second trimester, and uterotonic agents can be associated with the risk of trophoblastic embolization and GTN. Termination with misoprostol followed by ultrasound-guided suction evacuation was successfully done in both cases. Histopathology and karyotyping confirmed the diagnosis of CHMF in the first and partial mole in the second case. βHCG normalized within 7 weeks postevacuation in both, with no increased risk of trophoblastic embolization or GTN. More studies are needed on the methods of termination in such pregnancies. Medical termination with misoprostol appears to be a viable option, though the optimal dosage is yet to be defined.

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