Saudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117--124

Psychometric properties and validation of the Arabic Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in Saudi dental students


Ibrahim AlShahrani1, Alezi Braimoh Ifindon Eroje2, Shreyas Tikare2, Rafi Ahmad Togoo1, Abd El-Nasser Mahmoud Soliman3, G Rajesh Rao4 
1 Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Diagnostic Sciences and Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dentistry, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Alezi Braimoh Ifindon Eroje
Department of Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, PO Box No 3263, Abha
Saudi Arabia

Background: Few studies have studied burnout among dental students worldwide, and no such study is available from Saudi Arabia. In addition, an Arabic version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) has not yet been validated for use among students. Objectives: This study aimed to translate and validate an Arabic version of the MBI-SS questionnaire and to examine the psychometric properties of burnout among dental college students at a university in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional questionnaire study included all dental students at King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia, and was conducted between December 2019 and January 2020. After the MBI-SS questionnaire was translated, its face validity was determined and the test–retest reliability was assessed. Confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were performed following the full-scale study to validate the Arabic MBI-SS. Results: A total of 433 dental students responded in the full-scale study (mean age: 21.9 ± 1.6 years). Emotional exhaustion was present in 32.3% (95% confidence interval: 28%–36.9%), cynicism in 33.7% (29.3%–38.4%), and poor academic efficacy in 34.2% (29.8%–38.9%) of the dental students. Emotional exhaustion and cynicism were significantly associated with academic level, a history of medication due to academic stress, and thoughts of quitting the course (for all, P < 0.05). The reliability of MBI-SS was found to be adequate for all three subscales: Emotional exhaustion, Cronbach's α = 0.827; cynicism, α = 0.855; academic efficacy, α = 0.704. Conclusions: All three subscales of burnout were highly prevalent in the study cohort. The Arabic version of the MBI-SS inventory was shown to be a valid and reliable tool for assessing the psychometric properties of burnout among dental students, and its use may aid in identifying burnout in the early stages.


How to cite this article:
AlShahrani I, Eroje AB, Tikare S, Togoo RA, Soliman AE, Rao G R. Psychometric properties and validation of the Arabic Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in Saudi dental students.Saudi J Med Med Sci 2022;10:117-124


How to cite this URL:
AlShahrani I, Eroje AB, Tikare S, Togoo RA, Soliman AE, Rao G R. Psychometric properties and validation of the Arabic Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in Saudi dental students. Saudi J Med Med Sci [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jul 5 ];10:117-124
Available from: https://www.sjmms.net/article.asp?issn=1658-631X;year=2022;volume=10;issue=2;spage=117;epage=124;aulast=AlShahrani;type=0